Learn More about Metformin
What is metformin?
- Metformin is a medication proven to help control your blood sugar.
- It is usually prescribed as a tablet, and is taken 1 to 3 times a day with food. There is also a liquid metformin available for people who have trouble swallowing tablets.
- Metformin is a first choice in drug treatment for type 2 diabetes, in combination with diet and exercise.
- The experts at the American Diabetes Association recommend metformin for patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Your doctor may ask you to start taking metformin as soon as you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, unless you have a health issue (such as kidney problems) that causes your doctor to think a different treatment might be right for you.
- While metformin is the first choice in treatment of type 2 diabetes, there are a range of other drugs available that work in different ways to lower blood sugar. Over time, your doctor may ask you to continue metformin and add one or more drugs to your treatment, or take a drug that combines metformin with another active ingredient. Each patient is different.
- Over 25 million U.S. adults have diabetes—that's more than 1 in every 10 Americans. So chances are, someone you know takes a metformin!
What are my choices in metformin treatment?
- There are 2 available formulations of metformin in a tablet: immediate-release and extended-release.
What is the difference between immediate-release and extended-release metformin?
- Immediate-release metformin, such as Glucophage®, is a tablet taken 1 to 3 times a day. With this formulation, the entire drug dose is released in your body within 30 minutes.
- Extended-release metformin is a once-daily tablet that has been designed to slowly release the medication to your body over most of the day (about 8 hours).
- Among extended-release metformins, there are different drug delivery technologies available. Extended-release metformins include GLUMETZA and Glucophage® XR.
What are the benefits of extended-release metformin?
- Some patients taking metformin experience stomach-related side effects.
- The slow, controlled delivery of metformin with an extended-release tablet may result in fewer stomach-related side effects, such as nausea, in the first week of taking your type 2 diabetes medication.
- Being able to tolerate and stay on metformin may help you meet your diabetes goals.
What if I am currently taking metformin, and it upsets my stomach?
- It is important to treat your type 2 diabetes. Don't give up! There are several different metformins available, and one might be right for you. Talk to your doctor for more information.
- Read more about metformin side effects and GLUMETZA, an extended-release metformin that may help reduce your stomach upset.
Find out more about what GLUMETZA is and how it works.